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Chair of Architecture and Urban Design
Asst. Prof. Dr. Alex Lehnerer
Grand Urban Rules

Design Rules and Design With Rules!

Cities as cultural products are neither ‘built’ nor ‘planned,’ at best they are guided and steered in a certain direction. Therefore, rules and regulations are one of the few tools that are actually suitable to guide future development within such collective and complex urban settings.

We strongly believe that the field of (urban) design should not simply adhere to these standards as some neutrally existing context but should actively engage in discussing them in order to make them subject to design as well. read more

Office for urban regulation

Section 106 Agreements


A new housing development over a given threshold size, commonly 15 dwellings (the figure varies between local authorities), is required to provide a predetermined proportion as affordable housing.

Rule category

Hygiene: separation of incompatible uses, programme, land use
The Kind of Rule
Rule that works as reference, ratio, or dependency.
Rule that is NOT related to any preconceived zone or area.
Rule that stipulates a lower limit.
Rule that influences programmatic and functional issues.
Rule with direct impact on architectural or urban form.
Neighborhood Rule: Rule that works at neighborhood scale.