Cities as cultural products are neither ‘built’ nor ‘planned,’ at best they are guided and steered in a certain direction. Therefore, rules and regulations are one of the few tools that are actually suitable to guide future development within such collective and complex urban settings.
We strongly believe that the field of (urban) design should not simply adhere to these standards as some neutrally existing context but should actively engage in discussing them in order to make them subject to design as well. read more
In Class I pedestrian streets, at least 60% of ground-level façades must be transparent. Nontransparent surfaces may be no more than 15 ft (4.6 m). For Class II pedestrian streets, transparency must be at least 30%, with utmost 30 ft (9.1 m) of blank façade.