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Chair of Architecture and Urban Design
Asst. Prof. Dr. Alex Lehnerer
Grand Urban Rules

Design Rules and Design With Rules!

Cities as cultural products are neither ‘built’ nor ‘planned,’ at best they are guided and steered in a certain direction. Therefore, rules and regulations are one of the few tools that are actually suitable to guide future development within such collective and complex urban settings.

We strongly believe that the field of (urban) design should not simply adhere to these standards as some neutrally existing context but should actively engage in discussing them in order to make them subject to design as well. read more

Office for urban regulation

London View Management


Through the heights of the adjacent buildings, the upper space around St. Paul’s Cathedral shall remain unencumbered by visual interference. Tall structures will be permitted to stand in the Cathedral’s view shadow.

  • Views on London’s key monuments—Palace of Westminster, St. Paul’s Cathedral and Tower of London.
  • Management of protected vistas by geometric definition.
  • Close up view of how buidlings could hide behind St. Paul's.

Rule category

View Management: preservation of imporant views of the city
The Kind of Rule
Rule that works as reference, ratio, or dependency.
Rule that regulates building heights.
Rule that has a strong influence on urban density and its distribution.
Rule with direct impact on architectural or urban form.
General Declaration: General declaration, motive without specific scale.
General Land Use: Rule that specifies land use in general.